Much has been said in literature concerning the etiology of OPC,attention is essentially focused on the structure mode of operation – deployment, investigation and punishment and reward system. The Oodua People’s Congress (OPC), named after the mythological ancestor of the Yoruba is one of the largest ethnic militias in Nigeria today,It is very influential in the states demographically dominated by the Yoruba in the southwest.
OPC has several million members worldwide: men and women; Christian, Muslim and traditionalist. The main bulk of these supporters are obviously concentrated in the heart of Yorubaland, mainly consisting of the six states of the former southwestern region (Lagos, Ekiti, Ogun, Osun, Oyo, and Ondo).in addition to the states of Edo, Kwara and Kogi other supporters live in the Yoruba part of the Republic of Benin or belong to the Diaspora in North America, the Caribean and Europe.
The OPC’s official objectives are set out in its constitution thus:
- To gather all the descendants of Oodua all over the earth especially in Africa, the Caribbean, South America and North America for a most profound, all embracing and absolutely unflinching UNITY;
- To identify with a view of re-living the glory of our past for the purpose of posterity;
- To educate and mobilize the descendants of Oduduwa for the purpose of the above;
- To integrate the aspirations and values of all the descendants of Oduduwa into a collective platform of an Oduduwa entity;
- To monitor the various interest of descendants’ of Oduduwa by whatever name called, anywhere on the face of the earth and struggle for the protection of these interests;
- To ensure maximum self-determination of the people of Oodua;
- To further the progress of Oodua civilization by protecting and promoting our values, mores and the inter-generational transmission of same;
- To train and educated about the history and culture of the Yoruba.
- To locate a bearings for an Oodua world view and establish its place in the world and to mobilize the people of Oodua for the National cause